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Table 1 Factors that may affect the newborn microbiome and subsequent development

From: Developmental aspects of maternal-fetal, and infant gut microbiota and implications for long-term health

Prenatal  
  Maternal hygiene
  Maternal Dental Hygiene
  Maternal diet
  Maternal infection
  Maternal antibiotics
Perinatal  
  Maternal antibiotics
  Mode of delivery
  Presence of Labor
Postnatal  
  Bathing
  Skin to skin mother care
  Incubator
  Caretaker handwashing
  Breastfeeding status
  Heat Treatment of Milk
  Infection
  Mechanical ventilation
  Invasive central lines
  Indwelling feeding tubes