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Table 2 Mean weight gain between birth and 4 months

From: Normal growth of infants receiving an infant formula containing Lactobacillus reuteri, galacto-oligosaccharides, and fructo-oligosaccharide: a randomized controlled trial

  L. reuteri (control) L. reuteri+ GOS/FOS (experimental) Difference between control and experimental
ITT N = 68 N = 72  
z-score (95% CI) +0.82 (0.53 to 1.10) +0.91 (0.63 to 1.20) +0.10 (−0.31 to 0.50)
g/day (SD) 30.61 (6.5) 31.84 (7.4) P = 0.302
PP N = 61 N = 62  
z-score (95% CI) +0.92 (0.62 to 1.22) +0.93 (0.63 to 1.23) +0.01 (−0.41 to 0.43)
  1. GOS, Galacto-oligosaccharides; FOS, Fructo-oligosaccharide; ITT, Intention-to-treat; CI, Confidence interval; PP, Per protocol.