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Table 3 Change in length, head circumference, and BMI measurements between birth and 4 months, ITT

From: Normal growth of infants receiving an infant formula containing Lactobacillus reuteri, galacto-oligosaccharides, and fructo-oligosaccharide: a randomized controlled trial

  L. reuteri (control) (N = 67) L. reuteri+ GOS/FOS (Experimental) (N = 70) P-value*
Mean (SD)    
Length, mm/day +1.2 (0.189) +1.2 (0.194) 0.824
Head Circumference, mm/day +0.70 (0.114) +0.72 (0.134) 0.332
BMI kg/m 2 3.69 (1.327) 4.0 (1.940) 0.281
  1. *t-test; BMI, Body mass index; ITT, Intention-to-treat; SD, Standard deviation; GOS, Galacto-oligosaccharides; FOS, Fructo-oligosaccharide.