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Table 4 Measures of digestive tolerance during the first 4 months, ITT

From: Normal growth of infants receiving an infant formula containing Lactobacillus reuteri, galacto-oligosaccharides, and fructo-oligosaccharide: a randomized controlled trial

  L. reuteri (control) L. reuteri+ GOS/FOS (experimental) P-value*
  N Mean (SD) daily frequency N Mean (SD) daily frequency  
Stool Frequency 61 4.84 (6.06) 62 6.06 (7.52) 0.323
Hard stools 61 0.42 (1.81) 62 0.13 (0.81) 0.256
Liquid stools 61 0.11 (0.39) 62 0.43 (0.92) 0.014
Flatulence 61 0.91 (0.20) 62 0.93 (0.18) 0.561
Irritability 30 0.02 (0.04) 25 0.02 (0.04) 1.000
Spitting 42 0.75 (1.14) 43 0.65 (0.74) 0.566
Colic 14 0.26 (0.19) 15 0.33 (0.33) 0.152
Waking up 61 1.94 (0.74) 62 2.09 (0.59) 0.217
  1. *two-sided t-test; ITT, Intention-to-treat; GOS, Galacto-oligosaccharides; FOS, Fructo-oligosaccharide; SD, Standard deviation.