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Table 3 Distribution of cases according to antenatal history in relation to significant hearing loss

From: Hearing impairment and its risk factors by newborn screening in north-western India

Antenatal history Significant hearing loss χ 2 P
Absent Present Total
Fever No 383 (99.0 %) 18 (100.0 %) 401 (99.0 %) 0.188 0.883
Yes 4 (1.0 %) 0 4 (1.0 %)
Rash No 386 (99.7 %) 18 (100.0 %) 404 (99.8 %) 0.047 0.956
Yes 1 (0.3 %) 0 1 (0.2 %)
Jaundice No 383 (99.0 %) 17 (94.4 %) 400 (98.8 %) 2.844 0.089
Yes 4 (1.0 %) 1 (5.6 %) 5 (1.2 %)
Blood Transfusion No 384 (99.2 %) 17 (94.4 %) 401 (99.0 %) 4.019 0.045
Yes 3 (0.8 %) 1 (5.6 %) 4 (1.0 %)
Leaking per-vaginum No 375 (96.9 %) 17 (94.4 %) 392 (96.8 %) 0.334 0.564
Yes 12 (3.1 %) 1 (5.6 %) 13 (3.2 %)
Offending drug intake No 385 (99.5 %) 18 (100.0 %) 403 (99.5 %) 0.093 0.954
Yes 2 (0.5 %) 0 2 (0.5 %)
Radiation exposure No 387 (100 %) 18 (100.0 %) 405 (100.0 %) - -
Yes 0 0 0
Other No 384 (99.2 %) 18 (100.0 %) 402 (99.3 %) 0.141 0.987
Yes 3 (0.8 %) 0 3 (0.7 %)
Drug addiction No 382 (98.7 %) 17 (94.4 %) 399 (98.5 %) 2.142 0.143
Yes 5 (1.3 %) 1 (5.6 %) 6 (1.5 %)
Antenatal clinics attended No 98 (25.3 %) 5 (27.8 %) 103 (25.4 %) 0.055 0.815
Yes 289 (74.7 %) 13 (72.2 %) 302 (74.6 %)
Maternal TORCH profile No 386 (99.7 %) 18 (100.0 %) 404 (99.8 %) 0.047 0.829
Yes 1 (0.3 %) 0 1 (0.2 %)
Pre-eclampsia No 374 (96.6 %) 18 (100.0 %) 392 (96.8 %) 0.625 0.429
Yes 13 (3.4 %) 0 13 (3.2 %)
Antepartum hemorrhage No 377 (97.4 %) 16 (88.9 %) 393 (97.0 %) 4.350 0.037
Yes 10 (2.6 %) 2 (11.1 %) 12 (3.0 %)