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Table 3 Risk factors for the multilevel mortality variable

From: Impact of exposure to cooking fuels on stillbirths, perinatal, very early and late neonatal mortality - a multicenter prospective cohort study in rural communities in India, Pakistan, Kenya, Zambia and Guatemala

Characteristic Multivariate analysis - adjusted odds ratios (95 % Confidence Interval)
Macerated stillbirths Non-Macerated stillbirths Early neonatal mortality day 0–2 of life (NMR_0-2) Later neonatal mortality day 3–28 of life (NMR_3-28) Alive on day 29 (Reference Group)
HAP exposure
Polluting fuel 1.66 (1.23, 2.25) 1.43 (1.15, 1.85) 1.82 (1.47, 2.22) 1.28 (0.91, 1.76) 1.00
Clean fuel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Maternal age
<20 0.83 (0.55, 1.13) 1.01 (0.81, 1.24) 1.21 (0.97, 1.48) 1.05 (0.78, 1.42) 1.00
≥20 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Maternal education
No formal schooling 1.71 (1.32, 2.22) 1.51 (1.26, 1.81) 1.14 (0.90, 1.44) 1.19 (0.95, 1.47) 1.00
Formal schooling 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Parity
0 1.27 (1.03, 1.59) 1.34 (1.13, 1.56) 1.24 (1.05, 1.47) 1.43 (1.17, 1.73) 1.00
1-2 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
≥3 1.30 (1.01, 1.68) 1.39 (1.19, 1.65) 1.22 (1.04, 1.43) 1.11 (0.86, 1.41) 1.00
Antenatal care
Any 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
None 1.41 (0.99, 2.12) 1.62 (1.23, 2.13) 0.90 (0.68, 1.21) 1.32 (0.85, 1.81) 1.00
Delivery attendant
Physician 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Nurse/Midwife 0.69 (0.52, 0.87) 0.65 (0.51, 0.82) 0.68 (0.54, 0.85) 0.87 (0.70, 1.08) 1.00
No skilled birth attendant 0.58 (0.25, 1.03) 0.50 (0.30, 0.80) 0.67 (0.39, 1.00) 0.91 (0.49, 1.67) 1.00
Delivery location
Facility 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Home/Other 0.94 (0.49, 2.30) 1.06 (0.70, 1.68) 1.00 (0.72, 1.71) 0.86 (0.48, 1.48) 1.00
Infant gender
Male 1.08 (0.91, 1.30) 1.13 (0.99, 1.29) 1.39 (1.19, 1.60) 1.18 (1.00, 1.40) 1.00
Female 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00