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Table 1 Primary cause of stillbirth by size-for-gestation (Western Cape, Limpopo and Mpumalanga combined); n = 4059

From: Timing and cause of perinatal mortality for small-for-gestational-age babies in South Africa: critical periods and challenges with detection

Primary cause of stillbirth SGA AGA LGA  
n (%) n (%) n (%) All %
APH 145 (13.6) 399 (16.0) 51 (10.2) 14.7
Unexplained Intrauterine death 367 (34.5) 812 (32.5) 164 (32.8) 33.1
Fetal abnormality 54 (5.1)* 67 (2.7) 22 (4.4) 3.5
Hypertensive disorders 244 (22.9)*^ 463 (18.6) 93 (18.6) 19.7
Infections 26 (2.4) 42 (1.7) 7 (1.4) 1.8
Intrapartum asphyxia 93 (8.7)*^ 512 (20.5) 93 (18.6) 17.2
Intrauterine growth restriction 73 (6.8)*^ 42 (1.7) 7 (1.4) 3.0
Maternal disease 12 (1.1)*^ 56 (2.2) 41 (8.2) 2.7
Misc. 22 (2.1) 27 (1.1) 6 (1.2) 1.4
No obstetric cause 1 (0.1) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.2) 0.1
Spont. Preterm labour 27 (2.5) 65 (2.6) 12 (2.4) 2.6
Trauma 1 (0.1) 8 (0.3) 2 (0.4) 0.3
All 1065 2495 499 100.0
  1. *p < 0.05 with AGA; ^p < 0.05 with LGA; Pearson chi-sq tests, Fisher’s exact where cell count <5