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Table 2 Primary cause of early neonatal death (<7 days) by size-for-gestational age (provinces combined); n = 1742

From: Timing and cause of perinatal mortality for small-for-gestational-age babies in South Africa: critical periods and challenges with detection

Primary cause death (END) SGA AGA LGA  
n (%) n (%) n (%) All %
APH 18 (44) 59 (5.1) 3 (1.6) 4.6
Unexplained Intrauterine death 1 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0.2
Fetal abnormality 66 (16.0)* 112 (9.8) 20 (10.9) 11.4
Hypertensive disorders 47 (11.4)* 68 (5.9) 12 (6.5) 7.3
Infections 11 (2.7) 26 (2.3) 5 (2.7) 2.4
Intrapartum asphyxia 103 (25.0)*^ 619 (54.0) 11 (62.0) 42.1
Intrauterine growth restriction 21 (5.1)*^ 2 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 1.3
Maternal disease 1 (0.2) 7 (0.6) 2 (1.1) 0.6
Misc. 7 (1.7) 17 (1.5) 5 (2.7) 1.7
No obstetric cause 20 (4.9) 44 (3.8) 5 (2.7) 4.0
Spont. Preterm labour 117 (28.4)*^ 190 (16.6) 18 (9.8) 18.7
Trauma 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.0
All 412 1146 184 100.0
  1. *p < 0.05 with AGA; ^p < 0.05 with LGA; Pearson chi-sq tests, Fisher’s exact where cell count <5