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Table 6 Cause of Early neonatal death and condition of mother for small-for-gestational age babies, n = 388

From: Timing and cause of perinatal mortality for small-for-gestational-age babies in South Africa: critical periods and challenges with detection

  Healthy mother Medical surgical Hypertension Other maternal condition
28–32w 33–37w 38–42w 28–32w 33–37w 38–42w 28–32w 33–37w 38–42w 28–32w 33–37w 38–42w
APH 1 (1.9) 3 (2.5) 3 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 8 (50.0) 1 (8.3)* 2 (25.0)
Unexplained Intrauterine death 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Fetal abnormality 6 (11.5) 19 (16.1) 24 (23.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (50.0) 1 (5.6) 4 (11.4) 2 (13.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (8.3) 1 (12.5)
Hypertensive disorders 1 (1.9) 9 (7.6)^ 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (16.7) 16 (88.9) 21 (60.0) 5 (33.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (8.3) 0 (0.0)
Infections 0 (0.0) 3 (2.5) 3 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (16.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (6.2) 2 (16.7) 2 (25.0)
Intrapartum asphyxia 2 (3.8) 24 (20.3)* 58 (55.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (33.3) 1 (16.7) 0 (0.0) 4 (11.4)^ 7 (46.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (16.7) 3 (37.5)
Intrauterine growth restriction 1 (1.9) 7 (5.9) 8 (7.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.6) 2 (5.7) 1 (6.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (8.3) 0 (0.0)
Spont. Preterm labour 41 (78.8) 52 (44.1) 7 (6.7) 1 (100.0) 2 (66.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (8.6) 0 (0.0) 7 (43.8) 4 (33.3) 0 (0.0)
All 52 (100.0) 118 (100.0) 104 (100.0) 1 (100.0) 3 (100.0) 6 (100.0) 18 (100.0) 35 (100.0) 15 (100.0) 16 (100.0) 12 (100.0) 8 (100.0)
  1. *p < 0.05 with 28–32week group; ^p < 0.05 with 38–42 weeks group. Pearson’s chi-sq or Fishers exact where cell count <5