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Table 4 Interventions to prevent VAP in Neonates

From: Prevention and treatment of neonatal nosocomial infections

Definite or probable benefit Unclear benefit
Caregiver education Oral care with antiseptic or colostrum
Hand hygiene Elevation of head of bed
Wear gloves when in contact with secretions In-Line (closed) suctioning
Minimize days of ventilation  
Prevent unplanned extubation-avoid reintubation  
Suction orophaynx  
Prevent gastric distension  
Change ventilator circuit only when visibly soiled or malfunctioning  
Remove condensate from ventilator circuit frequently  
  1. Modified from ref [54]