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Table 2 Logistic regression analyses showing the crude and adjusted odds ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) and significance level, deliveries attended by skilled birth attendants in Bangladesh

From: Factors affecting deliveries attended by skilled birth attendants in Bangladesh

Characteristics Crude OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted OR(95% CI) p-value
Current age of women (years)
 15–24 Ref   
 25–34 1.1 (0.9–1.2) 0.3   
 35–49 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 0.6   
Husbands’ age (years)
 15–25 Ref   
 25–40 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 0.5   
  > 40 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.8   
Parity
 1 Ref Ref
  ≥ 2 0.5 (0.5–0.6) <0.001 0.7 (0.6–0.9) <0.001
Birth interval (years)
 0–2 Ref Ref
  ≥ 3 1.9 (1.4–2.6) <0.001 1.3 (0.9–1.8) 0.1
Pregnancy complications
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 1.4 (1.2–1.6) <0.001 1.2 (1.1–1.4) <0.05
 Don't know 0.2 (0.1–0.3) <0.001 0.6 (0.3–0.7) <0.05
Previous history of dead children
 0 Ref Ref
 1 0.5 (0.4–0.7) <0.001 0.9 (0.8–1.3) 0.9
  ≥ 2 0.5 (0.3–0.9) <0.05 1.5 (0.8–2.6) 0.2
Receiving at least one antenatal care by a skilled provider
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 5.2 (4.1–6.6) <0.001 1.5 (1.1–2.1) <0.05
Education level of women
 No formal education Ref Ref
 Primary 1.5 (1.1–2.0) <0.001 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.8
 Secondary 3.4 (2.6–4.5) <0.001 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 0.3
 Higher 11.6 (8.4–16.0) <0.001 1.7 (1.2–2.3) <0.05
Education level of husbands of the women
 No formal education Ref Ref
 Primary 1.6 (1.3–1.9) <0.001 1.3 (0.9–1.4) 0.3
 Secondary 3.2 (2.6–3.9) <0.001 1.3 (1.0–1.6) <0.05
 Higher 8.3 (6.6–10.7) <0.001 1.8 (1.3–2.4) <0.001
Sex of the household head
 Male Ref   
 Female 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 0.8   
Occupation of the women
 Not working Ref Ref
 Working 0.7 (0.6–0.8) <0.001 0.8 (0.6–0.9) <0.001
Wealth quintile
 Poorest Ref Ref
 Poorer 1.7 (1.3–2.3) <0.001 1.3 (1.0–1.7) <0.05
 Middle 2.9 (2.2–3.6) <0.001 1.7 (1.3–2.3) <0.001
 Richer 4.7 (3.6–6.1) <0.001 2.2 (1.6–2.8) <0.001
 Richest 11.6 (8.9–15.1) <0.001 3.4 (2.5–4.7) <0.001
Frequency of reading newspaper
 No Ref Ref
 Less than once a week 2.5 (2.0–3.0) <0.001 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 0.1
 At least once a week 5.7 (4.3–7.5) <0.001 1.6 (1.2–2.2) <0.05
Frequency of listening to radio
 No Ref Ref
 Less than once a week 1.8 (1.2–2.7) <0.05 1.2 (0.8–1.9) 0.4
 At least once a week 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 0.3 0.6 (0.4–1.0) <0.05
Frequency of watching television
 No Ref Ref
 Less than once a week 1.6 (1.3–2.1) <0.001 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.8
 At least once a week 3.7 (3.2–4.3) <0.001 1.2 (0.9–1.4) 0.1
Place of residence
 Urban Ref Ref
 Rural 0.3 (0.3–0.4) <0.001 0.7 (0.6–0.8) <0.001
Region (division)
 Khulna Ref Ref  
 Barisal 0.3 (0.3–0.5) <0.001 0.4 (0.3–0.6) <0.001
 Chittagong 0.4 (0.4–0.6) <0.001 0.4 (0.3–0.5) <0.001
 Dhaka 0.6 (0.5–0.8) <0.001 0.4 (0.4–0.6) <0.001
 Rajshahi 0.6 (0.4–0.7) <0.001 0.6 (0.5–0.8) <0.001
 Rangpur 0.5 (0.4–0.6) <0.001 0.5 (0.4–0.7) <0.001
 Sylhet 0.3 (0.2–0.3) <0.001 0.4 (0.3–0.5) <0.001
Religion
 Islam Ref Ref
 Others 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 0.2 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 0.6