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Table 1 Characteristics of VBLW infants

From: A review of delivery room resuscitation in very low birth weight infants in a middle income country

Characteristic n/N Percent
Five minute Apgar <6 221/1490 14.8
Early onset sepsis (<3 days) 62/1423 4.4
Grade 3 or 4 intraventricular haemorrhage 49/774 6.3
Hyperglycaemia 277/1436 19.3
Hypoglycaemia 158/1436 11.0
Metabolic acidosis 93/1436 6.5
Pneumothorax 6/1418 0.4
Respiratory distress syndrome 1260/1430 88.1
Surfactant therapy at any time 1064/1511 70.4
Pulmonary haemorrhage 22/1436 1.5
Nasal CPAP 986/1390 70.9
Mechanical ventilation 231/1359 17.0
Patent ductus arteriosus 125/1419 8.8
Retinopathy of prematurity stage 3 or 4 14/411 3.4
Oxygen on day 28 340/1294 26.3
Steroids for chronic lung disease 195/1299 15.0
Necrotising enterocolitis grade 2 or 3 100/1423 7.0
Late onset sepsis (>3 days) 396/1424 27.8
Cystic Periventricular leukomalacia 10/1019 1.0