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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of children enrolled in PDCs from April 2014 to March 2016 and their caretakers

From: A retrospective review of the Pediatric Development Clinic implementation: a model to improve medical, nutritional and developmental outcomes of at-risk under-five children in rural Rwanda

Child characteristics Total N = 426
n %
Gender (N = 415)
 Male 190 45.8
 Female 225 54.2
Age at first visit (N = 394)
 Neonate (< 1 month) 172 43.7
 1–5 months 138 35.0
 6–11 months 26 6.6
 12 months and above 58 14.7
Gestational age in weeks (N = 282)
 Extremely preterm (<28 weeks) 13 4.6
 Very preterm (29 to <32 weeks) 38 13.5
 Moderate to late preterm (32 to <37 weeks) 109 38.7
 Term (37 + weeks) 122 43.3
Birth weight categories (grams) (N = 334)
 Extremely low, < 1000 g 4 1.2
 Very low, 1000–1499 g 61 18.3
 Low, 1500–1999 g 114 34.1
 2000 g or more 155 46.4
Site of birth (N = 382)
 District Hospital 247 64.7
 Health Center 97 25.4
 Home 26 6.8
 En route 8 2.1
 National Referral Hospital 4 1.1
Referral site (N = 355)
 District Hospital 310 87.3
 Health Center 24 6.8
 Other 21 5.9
Caretaker characteristics n %
 Relationship with the child (N = 312)
  Mother 306 98.1
  Father 2 0.6
  Grandmother 3 1.0
  Other relative 1 0.3
 Mother’s age (N = 292)
  15–19 years 17 5.8
  20–24 years 98 33.6
  25–34 years 120 41.1
  35–44 years 52 17.8
  45 years and above 5 1.7
 Marital status (N = 383)
  Married or cohabitating 337 88.0
  Not currently married/ cohabitating 46 12.0
 HIV status (N = 367)   
  Positive 23 6.3
  Negative 344 93.7
 Caretaker education level (N = 343)
  No formal education 57 16.6
  Some primary 142 41.4
  Primary completed 128 37.3
  Secondary or higher completed 16 4.7
Ubudehe classification (N = 282)
  Does not qualify for government support 202 71.4
  Qualifies for government support 80 28.3
Household lives within Rwinkwavu catchment area (n = 413)
 Yes 383 92.7
 No 30 7.3
Transport means to the health facility (N = 408)
 Walking 177 43.4
 Bicycle 4 1.0
 Motorbike 149 36.5
 Mini bus 54 13.2
 Other 24 5.9
Number of dependents in a household (N = 333)
 No other children 23 6.9
 1 to 3 214 64.3
 4 to 5 66 19.8
 6 and above 30 9.0