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Table 2 Delta Healthy Sprouts participant pre-pregnancy, pregnancy and postnatal characteristics by treatment arm

From: Maternal weight in the postpartum: results from the Delta healthy sprouts trial

  PAT (N = 30) PATE (N = 24)  
Characteristic n % n % P
Gestational diabetes 0 0.0 0 0.0 NA
Gestational hypertension 5 16.7 2 8.3 0.443
Gestational weight gaina,b
 Within IOM recommendations 9 30.0 2 8.3 0.087
 Under IOM recommendations 5 16.7 5 20.8
 Above IOM recommendations 16 53.3 17 70.8
Rate of gestational weight gainb,c
 Within IOM recommendations 5 16.7 3 12.5 0.720
 Under IOM recommendations 6 20.0 4 16.7
 Above IOM recommendations 19 63.3 17 70.8
Breastfeedingd
  > 1 month 2 6.7 2 8.3 1.000
  < 1 month 7 23.3 10 41.7
 Never 21 70.0 12 50.0
  Mean SD Mean SD P
Pre-pregnancy weight (kg) 76.4 22.10 80.0 24.78 0.566
Pre-pregnancy BMI 28.6 8.18 29.2 7.72 0.762
Gestational weight gain (kg)a 15.3 9.80 14.3 7.19 0.663
Postnatal weight (kg) at PM 1 81.6 22.48 86.4 24.74 0.460
Postnatal BMI at PM 1 30.4 7.73 31.6 7.77 0.577
  1. PAT Parents as Teachers control treatment; PATE, Parents as Teachers Enhanced experimental treatment, NA Not applicable because all participants fall into single category, IOM Institute of Medicine, BMI Body mass index, MVPA Moderate to vigorous physical activity, PM Postnatal month
  2. aBased on self-reported pre-pregnancy weight
  3. bComparison = within vs. under and above
  4. cBased on measured weight between gestational months 4 and 9
  5. dComparison: > 1 month vs. < 1 month and never