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Table 1 Description of maternal mortality ratio and health and health related indicators among developing countries, 2008–16

From: Correlates of maternal mortality in developing countries: an ecological study in 82 countries

Indicators Mean (SD) Range
Maternal mortality (deaths per 100, 000 live births) 311(268) 7–1360
Socio-economic variables
 GNI per capital (atlas method) 1701(1249) 260–4280
 Unemployment rate 8(8.2) 1–39
 Health expenditure (% of GDP) 5.76(2.73) 1.5–13.7
 Adult Literacy rate (%) 67(21) 32–100
 Early marriage (%) 23(19) 7–45
Health care system related variables
 Antenatal care coverage (%) 78(28.7) 41–100
 Skilled delivery coverage (%) 62.8(30) 16–100
 Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (%) 35.4(23.4) 4–80
 Unmet need prevalence (%) 18(11.4) 5–48
 Total fertility per a women 3.8(1.4) 1.3–7.6
 Crude birth rate per 1000 29.5(9) 11–49
 Ratio of Physician to 1000 population 0.5(0.8) 0.1–3.5
 Ratio of Nurse and Midwife to 1000 population 1.4(2.14) 0.1–11.9
 Improved water coverage (%) 75(22.7) 40–100
 Improved sanitation coverage (%) 47.8(29) 7–100
Disease burden related variables   
 TB incidence rate per 100, 000 population 195.4(163) 1–788
 HIV incidence rate (15–49 yrs) 0.134(0.36) 0.01–2.36
 Anemia during pregnancy prevalence (%) 37.5(14) 19–64