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Table 5 Factors associated with the undernutrition among pregnant women

From: Undernutrition and its association with socio-demographic, anemia and intestinal parasitic infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care at the University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Predictors Under nutrition COR (95%CI) AOR (95% CI) P- values
Yes No
Age
 15–24 34 86 2.36(1.01, 5.53)   
 25–34 28 223 2.17 (0.87, 5.44)   
  ≥ 35 3 28 1   
Residence
 Rural 32 67 3.91(2.24, 6.81) 2.26 (1.06, 4.81) 0.03*
 Urban 33 270 1 1  
Wealth index
 Low 36 98 4.54 (2.13, 9.70)   
 Middle 19 115 2.05(1.12, 3.75)
 High 11 123 1
Educational status
 No formal education 31 61 5.18(2.37, 11.31) 2.91 (1.11, 7.56) 0.02*
 Primary education 12 72 4.32(2.06, 9.03) 2.69 (1.09, 6.64) 0.03*
 Secondary education 10 102 3.04(1.44, 6.44)   
 Certificate and above 12 102 1 1  
Source of drinking water
 Spring 8 15 2.54 (1.00, 6.47)   
 Well 3 8 2.16 (0.86, 5.48)   
 Tab 54 314 1   
Parity
 No birth 23 175 1   
 1–3 24 131 3.63 (1.76, 7.51)   
  ≥ 4 19 30 4.82 (2.34, 9.91) 2.55 (1.04, 6.26) 0.04*
Animal source food
 Yes 13 115 1   
 No 52 222 2.07 (1.08, 3.96)   
HIV
 No 60 325 1   
 Yes 5 12 2.38 (1.01, 5.95)   
Anemia
 No 32 238 1 1  
 Yes 33 99 2.48 (1.45, 4.25) 2.01 (1.16, 3.79) 0.01**
Intestinal parasite
 Absent 30 246 1 1  
 Present 35 91 3.15 (1.83, 5.43) 2.73 (1.48, 5.03) 0.001**
  1. *P-value is significant at < 0.05, **P-value is significant at ≤ 0.01