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Table 3 Oxygen saturation, heart rate and at 1, 5 and 10 min and Breathing in treatment groups

From: Effect of early versus delayed cord clamping in neonate on heart rate, breathing and oxygen saturation during first 10 minutes of birth - randomized clinical trial

  Cord clamping at < 60 s (N = 670) Cord clamping at ≥180 s (N = 594) Mean difference
Oxygen saturation at 1 min 61.3 ± 5.5 79.8 ± 3.5 −18.4 (− 17.9,-18.9)
Oxygen saturation at 5 min 77.9 ± 6.5 91.2 ± 3.1 −13.2 (− 12.6,-13.8)
Oxygen saturation at 10 min 87.7 ± 3.4 98.0 ± 1.4 −10.3 (− 10.3,-10.6)
Heart rate at 1 min 116.2 ± 4.1 106.8 ± 5.8 9.4 (10.0, 8.9)
Heart rate reading at 5 min 134.3 ± 2.9 131.6 ± 4.9 2.8 (3.2, 2.4)
Heart rate reading at 10 min 136.3 ± 1.9 137.2 ± 2.1 −0.9 (− 0.7,1.1)
Time of first breath (in seconds) 14.5 ± 7.6 10.4 ± 7.2 4.2 (5.0, 3.3)
Time of regular breathing (in seconds) 19.0 ± 13.1 14.9 ± 13.0 4.1 (5.5, 2.7)
Apgar score at 1 min 7.4 ± 0.9 8.1 ± 0.6 −0.6 (−0.5, − 0.7)
Apgar score at 5 min 9.0 ± 0.6 9.1 ± 0.7 −0.1 (− 0.1, − 0.2)
Apgar score at 10 min 9.9 ± 0.3 10.0 ± 0.2 −0.04 (− 0.01, − 0.1)