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Table 6 Summary of the Properties of the NeoEAT – Mixed Feeding

From: Neonatal Eating Assessment Tool - Mixed Breastfeeding and Bottle-Feeding (NeoEAT - Mixed Feeding): factor analysis and psychometric properties

Tool (Author) Purpose & intended user Target population Items – number & constructs Reliability Validity
Internal consistency Inter-rater Test-retest Content Construct
Neonatal Eating Assessment Tool – Mixed Breast –and Bottle-Feeding (NeoEAT – Mixed Feeding) Assess infant behavior during feeding in infants who are feeding at both breast and bottle; Parent All infants birth to 7 months old, including those born healthy, full-term, preterm, and with any medical conditions 68 items; Infant regulation, gastrointestinal tract function, energy & physiologic stability, sensory responsiveness, and feeding flexibility + NR + + +
Internal consistency- Cronbach’s α = .88 for full scale, Cronbach’s α = .77–.91 for all subscales. Test-retest – r = .91 for full scale, r = .77–.88 for all subscales. Content validity with 9 professionals – scale level CVI = .90 for clarity and .93 for relevance. Content validated with 19 parents using cognitive interviews [39]. Construct validity – Concurrent validity with the I-GERQ-R (r = .57; p < .001) and IGSQ (r = .5; p < .001). Known-groups validity- infants with feeding problems scored significantly higher than those without for full scale (p < .001) and all subscales (p < .05).
  1. +Indicates acceptable reliability/validity, − indicates unacceptable reliability/validity
  2. NR Not Reported, CVI Content Validity Index, I-GERQ-R Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire – Revised, IGSQ Infant Gastrointestinal Symptoms Questionnaire. Acceptable reliability and/or validity defined as Cronbach’s α > .7 [36] or correlation coefficient (r) > .4 [38]