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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants, by study group

From: How effective is the early support program Babylotse-Plus for psychosocially burdened mothers and their infants? A comparative intervention study

  Intervention
N = 225
% Control
N = 157
% p-Value
Newborn’s sex
 Female 124 55.1 75 47.8  
 Male 100 44.4 82 52.2 0.173
 Intersex 1 0.4 0 0  
Birth weight < 3rd percentile 13 6.8 8 5.3 0.653
Multiple births 28 14.0 8 5.3 0.008
Premature delivery 29 14.9 38 24.8 0.028
Maternal age < 18 years 0 0.0 2 1.3 0.175
Maternal age < 21 years 33 15.3 15 9.7 0.120
2 or more children aged < 5 years (at home) 60 27.0 59 39.1 0.017
More than 4 children 23 10.6 10 6.5 0.197
First prenatal care visit after 20 weeks of pregnancy week 16 7.4 1 0.7 0.002
Smoking during pregnancy 69 31.1 34 21.9 0.017
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy 0 0.0 4 2.6 0.036
Indication of other addiction problems 1 0.5 1 0.6 0.763
Diagnosed psychiatric illness 16 7.1 11 7.2 1.000
Depression 7 3.1 5 3.2 1.000
Psychosis 1 0.4 0 0.0 1.000
Borderline 2 0.9 1 0.6 1.000
Other 9 4.0 5 3.2 0.704
Maternal sickness or handicap that is a barrier for childcare 9 4.3 49 32.2 < 0.001
Psychological distress through unwanted/repressed pregnancy 11 5.4 2 4.8 1.000
Psychological distress by ill / disabled family members 15 7.3 4 9.1 0.754
Psychological distress caused by problems with the partner relationship 18 8.9 2 4.9 0.542
Psychological distress caused by lack of coping with everyday life 29 14.1 6 14.3 1.000
Indication of domestic violence 6 3.0 0 0.0 1.000
Distress by integration problems 23 11.3 2 4.2 0.183
Distress by economic problems 45 21.7 23 42.6 0.003
Past / existing links to supporting institutions 14 7.3 1 2.4 0.319
Migration Background 132 60.0 69 45.7 0.008