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Table 2 Risk of bias of included studies

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Application of 4% chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord stump of newborn infants in lower income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, year Random sequence generation (selection bias) Intention to treat (selection bias) Blinding (performance bias) Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias) Selective reporting (reporting bias) An overall decision on the quality of the study
Jamil,2018/Pakistan [20] Moderate unknown unclear High unknown Moderate risk of bias
Lyngdoh, D, 2018/ India [18] Moderate Moderate unknown Low Low Moderate risk of bias
Semrau, 2016/Zambia [13] Low Low Unclear Low Low Low risk of bias
Sazawal, 2016/Tanzania [14] Low Low Not blind Low Low Low risk of bias
Khairuzzaman, Md, 2015/ Bangladesh [21] Unclear Low Unclear Low Low Moderate risk of bias
Mullany, 2013/Bangladesh [19] Low Low High Low   Low risk of bias
Soofi S, 2012/Pakistan [12] Low Unclear Low Low Low Low risk of bias
Arifeen, 2012/Bangladesh [11] Low Low Low Low Low Low risk of bias
Mullany L, C,2006/Nepal &Bangladesh [10] Low Low Low Low Low Low risk of bias