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Table 2 Obstetrics and medical illness-related factors of the study participants of Hawassa University comprehensive Specialized Referral Hospital, Hawassa Sidama, 2019

From: Determinants of stillbirths among women who gave birth at Hawassa university comprehensive specialized hospital, Hawassa, Sidama, Ethiopia 2019: a case-control study

Variables Category Cases
N (%)
Controls
N (%)
p-value
Labor onset Spontaneous 66 (62.3) 227 (71.4) 0.078
Induced 40 (37.7) 91 (28.6)
Mode of delivery V/D 73 (68.9) 156 (49.1) 0.003
C/S 33 (31.1) 162 (50.9)
Length of labour < 24 h 66 (62.3) 291 (91.5) 0.0001
> 24 h 40 (37.7) 27 (8.5)
Where at labor started At home 57 (53.8) 230 (72.3) 0.0004
At facility 49 (46.2) 88 (27.7)
Obstructed labour Yes 24 (22.6) 34 (10.7) 0.002
No 82 (77.4) 284 (89.3)
Oligo-hydramnios Yes 7 (6.6) 21 (6.6) 1.000
No 99 (93.4) 297 (93.4)
Poly-hydramnios Yes 4 (3.8) 5 (1.6) 0.173
No 102 (96.2) 313 (98.4)
multiple pregnancy Yes 4 (3.8) 12 (3.8) 1.000
No 102 (96.2) 306 (96.2)
APH Yes 40 (37.7) 56 (17.6) 0.0001
No 66 (62.3) 262 (82.4)
PROM Yes 32 (30.2) 85 (26.7) 0.490
No 74 (69.8) 233 (73.3)
Chorioamnionitis Yes 14 (13.2) 31 (9.7) 0.137
No 92 (86.8) 287 (90.3)
PIHTN Yes 29 (27.4) 58 (18.2) 0.044
No 77 (72.6) 260 (81.8)
Anemia Yes 33 (31.1) 50 (15.7) 0.001
No 73 (68.9) 268 (84.3)
GDM Yes 8 (7.5) 13 (4.1) 0.155
No 98 (92.5) 305 (95.9)
HIV/AIDS R 9 (8.5) 38 (11.9) 0.326
NR 97 (91.5) 280 (88.1)
Syphilis status Positive 5 (4.7) 26 (8.2) 0.236
Negative 101 (95.3) 292 (91.8)
UTI Yes 12 (11.3) 35 (11.0) 0.929
No 94 (88.7) 283 (89.0)
Malaria Yes 4 (3.8) 16 (5.0) 0.597
No 102 (96.2) 302 (95.0)
  1. Notes: APH Antepartum hemorrhage, PROM (Premature rupture of membranes), PIHTN (pregnancy-induced hypertension), GHTN (Gestational hypertension, chronic hypertension) N = number while (%) represents percentages, GDM Gestational diabetes mellitus