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Table 4 logistic regression analysis of factors associated with stillbirth among women who gave birth in Hawassa University comprehensive Specialized referral Hospital, Hawassa, Sidma Ethiopia, 2019

From: Determinants of stillbirths among women who gave birth at Hawassa university comprehensive specialized hospital, Hawassa, Sidama, Ethiopia 2019: a case-control study

Variable Category Case
N (%)
Control
N (%)
COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Maternal residence Urban 50 (47.2) 188 (59.1) 1 1
Rural 56 (52.8) 130 (40.9) 1.62 (1.0,2.52) 1.1 (0.58, 2.13)
Previous stillbirth Yes 12 (11.3) 22 (6.9) 1.71 (0.81,3.6) 1.6 (0.58, 4.85)
No 94 (88.7) 296 (93.1) 1 1
ANC visit 1–3 visit 78 (87.6) 196 (74.2) 1 1
4 visit 11 (12.4) 68 (25.8) 0.40 (0.20,0.81) 0.38 (0.15, 0.95)*
Partograph utilized Yes 86 (81.1) 298 (93.7) 1 1
No 20 (18.9) 20 (6.3) 3.46 (1.78,6.73) 4.1 (2.04, 10.5)*
Length o f labour < 24 66 (62.3) 291 (91.5) 1 1
> 24 40 (37.7) 27 (8.5) 6.5 (3.7,11.3) 6.5 (2.9, 14.4)***
Mode of delivery V/D 73 (68.9) 156 (49.1) 1 1
C/S 33 (31.1) 162 (50.9) 0.43 (0.27,0.69) 0.33 (0.16, 0.68)**
Antepartum hemorrhage Yes 40 (37.7) 56 (17.6) 6.5 (3.7,11.3) 4.3 (2.1, 9.05)***
No 66 (62.3) 262 (82.4) 1 1
Pregnancy induced hypertension Yes 29 (27.4) 58 (18.2) 1.68 (1.01,2.8) 2.08 (0.99, 4.3)
No 77 (72.6) 260 (81.8) 1 1
Obstructed labour Yes 24 (22.6) 34 (10.7) 2.44 (1.37,4.35) 3.5 (1.5, 9.4)**
No 82 (77.4) 284 (89.3) 1 1
Gestational Diabetes Miletus Yes 8 (7.5) 13 (4.1) 1.91 (0.77,4.75) 2.29 (0.58, 8.9)
No 98 (92.5) 305 (95.9) 1 1
Anemia Yes 33 (31.1) 50 (15.7) 2.42 (1.45,4.03) 1.6 (0.79, 3.4)
No 73 (68.9) 268 (84.3) 1 1
Congenital anomalies Yes 21 (19.8) 16 (5.0) 4.66 (2.3,9.3) 9.7 (4.08, 23.0) ***
No 85 (80.2) 302 (95.0) 1 1
Gestational age Preterm 36 (34.0) 65 (20.4) 1 1
Term 51 (48.1) 195 (61.3) 0.47 (0.28,0.78) 0.90 (0.35, 2.29)
Post term 19 (17.9) 58 (18.2) 0.59 (0.30,1.14) 0.75 (0.24, 2.3)
Fetal weight LBW 34 (32.1) 52 (16.4) 1 1
NBW 61 (57.5) 235 (73.9) 0.39 (0.23,0.66) 0.53 (0.21, 1.31)
Macrosomia 11 (10.4) 31 (9.7) 0.54 (0.24,1.22) 0.54 (0.11, 2.6)
  1. Key: reference category = 1: P-value significant at: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, N Number while (%) represents percentages