Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics and bivariate association with macrosomia

From: The risk of diabetes after giving birth to a macrosomic infant: data from the NHANES cohort

Variable Total
n = 10,089
N (Weighted %)
Macrosomia P-value
Yes
n = 1767 (17.2%)
Weighted %
No
n = 8322 (82.8%)
Weighted %
Age (years), Weighted Mean (SE) 51.7 (0.2) 54.4 (0.4) 51.1 (0.3) < 0.001
 20–44 3514 (35.5%) 29.7% 36.6%  
 45–64 3800 (40.4%) 40.0% 40.0%  
  ≥ 65 2775 (24.1%) 23.4% 29.7%  
Age at time of Macrosomia (years),a Weighted Mean (SE) 26.2 (0.2) 26.2 (0.2) NA NA
Gestational Diabetes     < 0.001
 No 9295 (92.4%) 88.0% 93.3%  
 Yes 775 (7.6%) 12.0% 6.7%  
Age at time of Gestational Diabetes (years),b Weighted Mean (SE) 28.2 (0.3) 28.2 (0.6) 28.2 (0.3) 1.000
Parity     < 0.001
 Primiparous 1958 (21.7%) 11.2% 23.9%  
 Multiparous 8131 (78.3%) 88.8% 76.1%  
Obesity     < 0.001
 Underweight/Normal 2686 (30.0%) 22.4% 31.6%  
 Overweight 2937 (29.5%) 29.0% 29.7%  
 Obese 4367 (40.5%) 48.7% 38.7%  
Race/Ethnicity     < 0.001
 Non-Hispanic White 4201 (67.7%) 70.8% 67.0%  
 Non-Hispanic Black 2164 (12.1%) 9.8% 12.5%  
 Mexican American 1656 (8.3%) 8.8% 8.2%  
 Other Hispanic 1194 (5.6%) 6.5% 5.4%  
 Other Race, Including Multiracial 874 (6.4%) 4.0% 6.8%  
Diabetes     < 0.001
 No 7234 (76.4%) 70.2% 77.7%  
 Yes 2855 (23.6%) 29.8% 22.3%  
  1. Rao-Scott chi-square test and two sample t test were used to evaluate bivariate association with macrosomia, adjusting for the complex sampling design
  2. N Unweighted frequency, Weighted % Weighted column percentage, SE Standard error
  3. aAmong the women who had macrosomia
  4. bAmong the women who had gestational diabetes