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Table 2 Bivariate Association between Baseline Characteristics and Diabetes

From: The risk of diabetes after giving birth to a macrosomic infant: data from the NHANES cohort

Variable Diabetes P-value
Yes
Weighted %
No
Weighted %
Age (years), Weighted Mean (SE) 59.2 (0.3) 49.4 (0.3) < 0.001
 20–44 16.5% 41.3%  
 45–64 44.0% 39.2%  
  ≥ 65 39.2% 19.5%  
Macrosomia    < 0.001
 No 78.3% 84.2%  
 Yes 21.7% 15.8%  
Age at time of Macrosomia (years),a Weighted Mean (SE) 26.0 (0.3) 26.4 (0.2) 0.367
Gestational Diabetes    < 0.001
 No 87.7% 93.8%  
 Yes 12.3% 6.2%  
Age at time of Gestational Diabetes (years),b Weighted Mean (SE) 28.3 (0.3) 28.2 (0.4) 0.910
Parity    < 0.001
 Primiparous 17.3% 23.1%  
 Multiparous 82.7% 76.9%  
Obesity    < 0.001
 Underweight/Normal 16.5% 34.2%  
 Overweight 25.5% 30.8%  
Obese 58.1% 35.0%  
Race/Ethnicity    0.002
 Non-Hispanic White 64.2% 68.8%  
 Mexican American 13.4% 11.7%  
 Other Hispanic 9.9% 7.8%  
 Non-Hispanic Black 6.0% 5.4%  
 Other Race, Including Multiracial 6.6% 6.3%  
  1. Rao-Scott chi-square test and two sample t test were used to evaluate bivariate association with macrosomia, adjusting for the complex sampling design
  2. Weighted % Weighted column percentage, SE Standard error
  3. aAmong the women who had macrosomia
  4. bAmong the women who had gestational diabetes