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Table 4 Associated hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for univariable and multivariable Cox Proportional Regression models predicting diabetes

From: The risk of diabetes after giving birth to a macrosomic infant: data from the NHANES cohort

Variable Crude HR (95% CI) AHR (95% CI)
Macrosomia 1.95 (1.74–2.19)*** 1.66 (1.46–1.89)***
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 1.00 1.00
 Non-Hispanic Black 1.81 (1.61–2.04)*** 1.57 (1.40–1.76)***
 Mexican 2.61 (2.29–2.97)*** 2.18 (1.94–2.44)***
 Other Hispanic 1.91 (1.64–2.21)*** 1.66 (1.43–1.92)***
 Other 1.57 (1.30–1.91)*** 1.83 (1.50–2.23)***
Obesity
 Underweight/Normal 1.00 1.00
 Overweight 1.57 (1.33–1.86)*** 1.49 (1.26–1.75)***
 Obese 3.48 (2.99–4.06)*** 2.94 (2.51–3.44)***
Gestational Diabetes 5.52 (4.82–6.33)*** 4.34 (3.75–5.01)***
Parity
 Primiparous 1.00 1.00
 Multiparous 0.92 (0.78–1.10) 0.79 (0.68–0.93)**
  1. HR Hazard Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, AHR Adjusted hazard ratio
  2. **P < 0.01. ***P < 0.001. Cox proportional regression was conducted adjusting for the complex sampling design. Macrosomia and gestational diabetes are time-dependent variables