Skip to main content

Table 1 Distribution of factors analyzed with experiencing stillbirth among women of child bearing age in Ethiopia (EDHS, 2011)

From: Logistic regression analysis on the determinants of stillbirth in Ethiopia

Variables Levels N N% Experienced Stillbirth % d.f Chi-square p-value
No Yes
Region Addis Ababa 1167 9.3 98.46 1.54 10 53.262 < .001
Tigray 1368 10.9 96.27 3.73
Affar 1034 8.2 98.26 1.74
Amhara 1554 12.4 98.13 1.87
Oromiya 1705 13.6 96.48 3.52
Somali 703 5.6 94.74 5.26
Benishangul-Gumuz 975 7.8 97.23 2.77
SNNP 1640 13.1 97.62 2.38
Gambela 872 6.9 98.51 1.49
Harari 742 5.9 98.38 1.62
Dire Dawa 800 6.4 98.00 2.00
Maternal age 15–24 6363 50.7 98.88 1.12 2 144.68 < .001
25–34 4179 33.3 96.84 3.16
35+ 2018 16.1 94.20 5.80
Place of residence Rural 8924 71.1 95.38 4.62 1 8.407 .004
Urban 3636 28.9 97.63 2.37
Education Level No education 5955 47.4 96.47 3.53 2 43.691 < .001
Primary 4835 38.5 98.32 1.68
Secondary & Higher 1770 14.1 98.36 1.64
Wealth Index Poor 4924 39.2 97.42 2.58 2 1.439 .487
Middle 1784 14.2 97.09 2.91
Rich 5852 46.6 97.59 2.41
Parity (Total children ever born) Nulliparous 5169 41.2 98.99 1.01 1 84.097 < .001
Multiparas 7391 58.8 96.37 3.63
Antenatal care utilization No antenatal visits 4101 32.7 93.34 6.66 2 97.417 < .001
Visited at least once 3290 26.2 96.41 3.59
Never given birth 5169 41.2 98.99 1.01
Place of Delivery HOME 6166 49.1 92.40 7.60 2 138.53 < .001
Health center 1225 9.8 96.24 3.76
Never given birth 5169 41.2 98.99 1.01
Mode of Delivery Normal 7169 57.1 94.42 5.58 2 85.725 < .001
Caesarean section 222 1.8 96.05 3.95
Never given birth 5169 41.2 98.99 1.01
Body mass index (BMI) Thin 3541 28.2 95.83 4.17 2 134.32 < .001
Normal 8248 65.7 97.37 2.63
Overweight/Obese 771 6.1 93.63 6.37
Marital status Never Married 4017 32.0 97.13 2.87 2 4.067 .131
Married/Living with partner 7640 60.8 96.32 3.68
Divorced/separated/Widowed 903 7.2 96.46 3.54
Had any STI No 12498 99.5 97.46 2.54 1 0.115 .471
Yes 62 .5 96.77 3.23
Smokes cigarettes No 12513 99.6 97.44 2.56 1 1.233 .297
Yes 47 .4 100.0 0.00
Anemia level Not anemic 10010 79.7 97.65 2.35 1 11.953 < .001
Anemic 2550 20.3 94.67 5.33
Has job No 12340 98.2 97.51 2.49 1 6.190 .013
Yes 220 1.8 96.09 3.91
Alcoholic drink Never 8454 67.3 97.60 2.40 3 3.669 .299
Sometimes 2945 23.4 97.32 2.68
Usually 683 5.4 96.93 3.07
Always 478 3.8 96.44 3.56