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Table 4 Primary cause of ENND for SGA babies at each gestation, n = 385

From: Timing and cause of perinatal mortality for small-for-gestational-age babies in South Africa: critical periods and challenges with detection

Primary cause death 28–32w 33–37w 38–42w All
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
APH 8 (9.2) 5 (3.0) 5 (3.5) 18 (1.1)
Unexplained Intrauterine death 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
Fetal abnormality 7 (8.0) 31 (18.6)* 28 (21.4) 66 (4.0)
Hypertensive disorders 17 (19.5) 23 (13.8)^ 7 (5.3) 47 (2.9)
Infections 1 (1.1) 5 (3.0) 5 (3.8) 11 (0.7)
Intrapartum asphyxia 2 (2.3) 31 (18.6)*^ 70 (53.4) 103 (6.3)
Intrauterine growth restriction 2 (2.3) 10 (6.0) 9 (6.9) 21 (1.3)
Maternal disease 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
Spont. Preterm labour 49 (56.3) 61 (36.5)*^ 7 (5.3) 117 (7.1)
Trauma 0 (0.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0.0)
All 87 (100.0) 167 (100.0) 131 (100.0) 385 (100.0)
  1. *p < 0.05 with 28–32w age group; ^ with 38–42 week age group; Pearson chi-sq tests, Fisher’s exact where cell count <5