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Table 5 Cause of stillbirth and condition of mother for small-for-gestational age babies, n = 1227

From: Timing and cause of perinatal mortality for small-for-gestational-age babies in South Africa: critical periods and challenges with detection

  Healthy mother Medical surgical Hypertension Other maternal condition
28–32w 33–37w 38–42w 28–32w 33–37w 38–42w 28–32w 33–37w 38–42w 28–32w 33–37w 38–42w
Antepartum haemorrhage 10 (4.8) 20 (6.9) 8 (3.5) 2 (25.0) 4 (12.5) 0 (0.0) 3 (5.5) 16 (9.4) 4 (6.2) 19 (76.0) 62 (68.1)^ 16 (42.1)
Unexplained Intrauterine death 97 (46.2) 151 (51.9) 117 (51.8) 3 (37.5) 8 (25.0) 3 (18.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6)^ 6 (9.2) 1 (4.0) 10 (11.0) 9 (23.7)
Fetal abnormality 21 (10.0) 24 (8.2) 14 (6.2) 0 (0.0) 3 (9.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (3.6) 7 (4.1) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0)
Hypertensive disorders 6 (2.9) 11 (3.8) 5 (2.2) 1 (12.5) 5 (15.6) 1 (6.3) 46 (83.6)* 124 (72.9) 47 (72.3) 2 (8.0) 7 (7.7) 4 (10.5)
Infections 6 (2.9) 1 (0.3)*^ 7 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (6.3) 2 (12.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (4.0) 5 (5.5) 6 (15.8)
Intrapartum asphyxia 12 (5.7) 24 (8.2) 42 (18.6) 0 (0.0) 3 (9.4) 4 (25.0) 1 (1.8) 8 (4.7) 2 (3.1) 1 (4.0) 2 (2.2) 2 (5.3)
Intrauterine growth restriction 47 (22.4) 36 (12.4)* 21 (9.3) 1 (12.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (5.5) 5 (2.9) 3 (4.6) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0)
Spont. Preterm labour 9 (4.3) 17 (5.8)^ 2 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (6.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0)
All 210 (100) 291 (100) 226 (100) 8 (100) 32 (100) 16 (100) 55 (100) 170 (100) 65 (100) 25 (100) 91 (100) 38 (100.0)
  1. *p < 0.05 with 28–32week group; ^p < 0.05 with 38–42 weeks group. Pearson’s chi-sq or Fishers exact where cell count <5