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Table 1 Thematic overview of included studies by country, design and level of evidence

From: Evidence-based design for neonatal units: a systematic review

Study (author and date) Country Design Level of Evidence
Feeding (n = 2)
 Steele et al. (2008) [38] US Cohort IIA
 Dowling et al. (2012) [40] US Qualitative III
Infection (n = 5)
 Julian et al. (2015) [31] US Retrospective Cohort IIA
 Boehmer et al. (2009) [34] US Cohort IIA
 Von Dolinger de Brito et al. (2007) [33] Brazil Cohort IIA
 Domanico et al. (2011) [9] US Prospective Cohort IIA
 Lester et al. (2014) [11]a US Longitudinal, prospective quasi-experimental cohort IIA
SFU versus Open-bay (n = 17)
 Ortenstrand et al. (2010) [13] Sweden Randomised Control Trial IB
 Stevens et al. (2011) [14] US Prospective cohort IIA
 Pineda et al. (2012) [12] US Quasi-experimental IIA
 Baylis et al. (2014) [17] Sweden Survey III
 Smith et al. (2009) [18] US Ergonomics/human factors evaluation III
 Bosch et al. (2012) [20] US Cohort IIA
 McCuskey Shepley et al. (2008) [46] US Survey III
 Swanson et al. (2013) [22] US Cohort IIA
 Allermann Beck et al. (2009) [15] Denmark Qualitative III
 Domanico et al. (2010) [16] US Prospective cohort IIA
 Stevens et al. (2010) [21] US Prospective cohort IIA
 Cone et al. (2010) [19] US Survey III
 Stevens et al. (2014) [30] US Sequential cohort study IIA
 Stevens et al. (2012) [10] US Retrospective sequential cohort IIA
 Erdeve et al. (2008) [29] Turkey Prospective cohort IIA
 Pineda et al. (2014) [50] US Prospective longitudinal cohort IIA
 Lester et al. (2014) [11]a US Longitudinal, prospective, quasi-experimental cohort IIA
Location (n = 1)
 Terrin et al. (2016) [41] Italy Prospective Cohort IIA
Sound (n = 5)
 Liu (2012) [24] US Survey III
 Van Enk et al. (2011) [25] US Survey III
 Chen et al. (2009) [26] Taiwan Survey III
 Stevens et al. (2007) [27] US Prospective cohort IIA
 Szymczak et al. (2013) [28] US Survey III
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